Homi Bhabha is one of the pioneers in the field of science in modern India. He is known as the architect of Nuclear Science in India.
Homi Jehangir Bhabha was born in Bombay on October 30, 1909. His father Jehangir Bhabha was a reputed advocate and served the Tata Enterprises.
In his childhood Bhabha used to sleep very little. This worried his parents a lot ; but later it was found that he did not sleep as long as other children of his age, because of his super- active brain. He was forever thinking of something!
His parents took interest in shaping Bhabha`s love of science. By the age of 15, Bhabha was able to read and understand Einstein`s book on Relativity. He was also an avid lover of nature, music, literature and art. Only sports did not hold his attention.
At the age of 15, Bhabha passed the Senior Cambridge Examination.
Later he entered Elphinstone College and the Royal Institute of Science, Bombay. He continued his studies here for two years. At the insistence of his father he went to England and pursued his studies in Mechanical Engineering. Needless to say he topped his class. He went on to study theoretical physics as a research scholar.
During the course of his early years Bhabha was fortunate to come into close contact with famous scientists like Rutherford, Dirac, Niels Bohr and Heitler. This association greatly influenced his research and way of life.
Bhabha presented, with Heitler, the `Cascade Theory of Electron Showers`, in 1937. It is called the `Bhabha-Heitler Cascade Theory`, a unique contribution to the world of physics. This theory explains the process of electron showers in cosmic rays.
Bhabha`s orginal contributions to Physics lie in the fields of cosmic radiation, theory of elementary particles and quantum theory.
Bhabha returned to India for a holiday in 1939. That was the time of the Second World War. Bhabha did not return to England and this was indeed fortunate for India. He went on to found Trombay