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The Earth

  1. Fossilized footprints of early humans have been discovered in rocks.
  2. The Stegosaurus was 9 metres long, but had a brain the size of a walnut.
  3. In the past people used to think that the oceans and continents were created as a result of Noah`s flood.
  4. The world`s oceans are widening by 1cm to 10cm every year.
  5. The southernmost point of land in the world is the Amundsden-Scott Polar station in Antarctica.
  6. Children playing on a river bank in South Africa discovered the first Diamond.
  7. Diamonds are made from coal soot i.e. carbon.
  8. The largest diamond ever found weighed over half a kilogram.
  9. The rarest diamonds are blue or pink.
  10. Rubies are the rarest gems of all.
  11. Hot water from natural geysers is used to heat homes and offices in Reykjavik, Iceland.
  12. About 20 - 30 volcanoes erupt each year but mostly these are under the sea.
  13. In 1783 an Icelandic eruption threw up enough dust to temporarily block out the sun over Europe.
  14. The biggest known crater is on planet Mars which is 80km wide and three times higher than Mount Everest.
  15. In 1975 the Chinese city of Haicheng was evacuated 2 hours because people noticed their animals behaving oddly.
  16. Two mountains, the Andes and the Himalayas are still rising upwards.
  17. The lowest officially- named hill stands 4.5 metres high on a golf course in Brunei.
  18. A huge underground river runs underneath the Nile, with six times more water than the river above.
  19. Lake Bosumtwi was formed by a meteorite.
  20. Beaver Lake in Yellowstone Park, USA was artificially created by beaver damming.
  21. The world`s shortest river is the Roe River, Montana, in USA. It is 61metres long.
  22. Every million tines of seawater can have up to 4 grams of gold in it.
  23. The biggest iceberg ever seen had a bigger surface area than the country of Belgium.
  24. The city of Venice is built on 118 sea islets joined by 400 bridges. It is gradually sinking into the water.
  25. The Bermuda Islands have pale pink beaches because the beach is made majorly from fragments of broken shell.
  26. Seaweed is a plant without roots or a stem. It is made up of fronds and a root which holds fast at the bottom and anchors the seaweed firmly on to rocks.
  27. The squiggly worm like formations we often see on beaches are actually worm casts. They are made by lugworms that burrow beneath the surface. The tiny worms swallow sand and digest the minute particles of food mixed up in it. Then they excrete the waste, making casts on the beach.
  28. A limpet is a type of shell which anchors itself firmly to roost. It has a very powerful foot which acts like a suction cup and clamps the shell firmly to the rock.
  29. The world`s windiest place is Commonwealth Bay, Antarctica.
  30. The ancient Egyptians worshipped a sky goddess called Nut.
  31. Sea fog was once though to be the breath of an underwater monster.
  32. Italian farmers have been known to shoot fireworks into clouds to shatter hailstones that damage crops.
  33. The ancient Chinese people used to believe that storms were caused by dragons fighting in the sky.
  34. The bamboo plant can grow up to 91cms in a day.
  35. There were no grasses in the age of dinosaurs, only ferns, conifers and cycad plants.
  36. Amazon army ants can sometimes travel in groups up to 20million strong. They destroy and eat everything in their path.
  37. Desert plants often have bright beautiful flowers that only appear for a short time after rain has fallen. They dont live long so they must attract pollinating insects quickly. That is the reason why they are so attractive with colorful petals. 
  38. Penguins are so well insulated by fat that they often overheat when they are active. Then they have to stand with their beaks open to cool down.
  39. The strongest known arrow poison comes from the arrow poison frog.
  40. The African elephants closest relative is the hyrax, which is the size of a rabbit.
  41. Sloths let green algae grow on their hair as camouflage.
  42. The ichneumon fly injects its eggs into a caterpillar. The larvae hatch and eat their way out.
  43. Bluebottle flies can smell meat from distances as much as 7km away.
  44. Silors haven been known to mistake whales basking in the sun for islands and they have tried to land on them.
  45. Many areas of the ocean are too deep for light to penetrate. So some creatures have adapted themselves to living in the darkness. The viper fish has a luminous pattern along its body that can be seen in the dark depths of the ocean.
  46. Squirrels sometimes wrap their bushy tails around their bodies like a fur coat to keep warm.
  47. Elephants can spend up to 23hours a day eating.
  48. Flamingoes are pink because their bodies take on the color of the shrimps they eat.
  49. If a lizard`s tail is broken off it can usually grow a new one.
  50. Crickets have their knees on their ears!

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